Зоопассаж RU

Куры, хоть и птицы, но нуждаются в теплом помещении зимой. Когда на улице стоит -20 и ниже, то птица начинает худеть и в итоге погибает. Куры не спускаются с насестов, сидят нахохлившись. Активность при виде еды не наступает. Если холода длятся три и более дней, то куры не выдерживают и гибнут.

Kuri zimoy

У курицы-беглянки почернел гребень!

Зоопассаж RU

Самое первое – это страдает гребень. Он становится черного цвета. При первых признаках обморожения нужно намазать гребешок сливочным маслом или жирным кремом для рук. В итоге почерневшая часть гребня отпадет, но кура будет жить.

При не сильном обморожении гребешка, он становится белым. При таких симптомах, так же нужно смазать гребень жирным кремом. В этом случае гребешок со временем снова станет красным.

Второе, что может отмерзнуть у кур – это лапы. Поэтому в холода куры не спускаются с насестов. У меня есть семья кур породы бентамки. Их по весне мне подарил приятель. У двух курочек полностью отсутствуют пальцы на лапах. Они содержались в курятнике без отопления всю зиму. Курицы без пальчиков меньше гуляли летом, в отличии от их подружек, при прогулках часто перелетали с места на место. Они не могут рыть землю и поэтому страдают, без вкусных личинок и червячков.

Обогрев в курятнике обязательно нужен, если среднесуточная температура опускается до -5. Кратковременное понижение температуры до -7 градусов в ночное время куры спокойно переносят и без отопления.

Если вы выращиваете бройлеров, то температурный режим второй по важности после питания. Обогрев зимой, весной и осенью – бройлерам обязателен! Летом, если температура поднимается выше 30 градусов, то обязательно охлаждение кондиционером. Иначе вместо крупных красивых цыплят, вы получите карликовых страусов, вес которых не будет превышать 1 килограмма.

Виды обогрева курятника

Печь на угле и дровах

Обязательно соблюдение правил пожаробезопасности. Печь должна быть на фундаменте. Куры не должны иметь к ней прямого доступа. Перья, пыль, опилки и высокая температура могут спровоцировать пожар. Я отказалась обогрева курятника печью.

Если печь вынести в другое помещение, а в курятнике сделать разводку батареями, то расход дров и угля увеличится, да и в систему отопления воду не нальешь, только антифриз.

Обогрев инфракрасной лампой

Лампа отлично справляется с обогревом кур зимой, если они содержатся в теплице. Одного «теплого» пятна от лампы хватает на 4-7 кур несушек. Расстояние лампы от насестов, где ночуют куры должно быть около метра. У меня лампа работает при температуре на улице -10 градусов, если холоднее, то курам холодно.

lampa

Обогрев электроприборами

Сейчас у меня в курятнике стоит масляный обогреватель. Перегородки между курами и прибором нет. Он включен на минимум и поддерживает разницу температуры в 20 градусов. Для кур – этого вполне достаточно. Можно обложить обогреватель кирпичом, тогда площадь увеличится, а расход электричества уменьшится.

obogrevatel

Можно использовать так называемую «ветродуйку», но очень сильная запыленность в курятнике сокращает срок службы такого прибора. У меня «ветродуйки» хватило на пол года, после чего вентилятор не включился, а пластмасса оплавилась, так и до пожара недалеко.

Подстилка в курятнике из бактерий

Три года назад я запустила в своем курятнике бактерии для подстилки и пользуюсь ими до сих пор. За зиму к меня уходит семь мешков опилок. Бактерии я запустила один раз. Главное преимущество теплой подстилки в курятнике, что получается минимальные затраты на отопление. Запаха в курятнике нет, что меня очень радует.

Теплую подстилку нужно поливать водой, этого не написано в инструкции, но на практике у меня получается именно так. Два раза в неделю я досыпаю по четверти ведра свежих опилок и при помощи тяпки ворошу подстилку.

Куры в холода выкапывают себе ямки в теплой подстилке и нам греются. Но нужно чтобы кур было много, тогда бактерии будут работать. Если площадь большая, а куриц мало, то подстилке не хватает помета и она не работает.

У цыплят мне приходится добавлять помета и ворошить, иначе подстилка не работает. Температура внутри такого теплого пола примерно 50 градусов. Разница температуры, если работает только треть подстилки, составляет 30-35 градусов, что вполне достаточно для курятника, даже в очень сильные морозы.



podstilka
Теплая подстилка в курятнике

Единственный минус – это высокая влажность в курятнике. При использовании подстилки в курятнике, нужно продумать вытяжку.

Некоторые хозяева пытаются экономить на обогреве кур в зимний период, но получается не экономия, а затраты. Куры нужны для вкусных яиц и полезного сочного мяса. Экономия таким хозяевам выходит боком. Худые куры – не будут нести яйца, а на корм все равно уходят деньги. А если от морозов погибает половина всех несушек, то это большие расходы, которые тяжело восполнить.

Если нет возможности обогревать кур зимой, то стоит их держать до осени, а по весне снова купить несушек, но я не придерживаюсь такого пути. Далеко не все несушки, купленные весной, действительно будут нести яйца. Но хозяин – барин!

Зоопассаж RU

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